Chip carving comes from the direct translation of the German word 'Kerbschnitt'. The metal working technique is known since prehistoric times. It involves removing material with the aid of a chisel and hammer to create relief decorations on a solid material.
In the pre-metal ages wood and bone were worked this way. When the first metals were worked in the Bronze Age it was soon noticed that with chisel of a harder metal one could remove the softer bronze. Archaeological finds of iron chisels from the Bronze Age have led to this belief. The technique was popular among Scandinavian silversmiths in the early Middle Ages to create bright reflecting surfaces.
Chips can be made in all forms and shapes and the variations of directions they are made in define a certain 'look'. In the 18th century chip carving was applied to steel in order to create the faceted studs used in cut steel jewelry.